Heparin-Binding Fibroblast Growth Factors and Prostate Cancer
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Studies of model rat prostate tissue and derived cells indicate the insulin-like (IGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and heparin-binding fibroblast growth factor (HBGF) families and their receptors may play important roles in regulation of normal prostate cell growth. Tumor cells at different levels in the progression from slow-growing, hormone-dependence to fast-growing, hormone-independence exhibit distinct alterations in expression of specific growth factors and their receptor phenotype. Distinct IGF-I and HBGF mRNAs are constitutively expressed in the mesenchymal cells of slow-tumors, but alteration in HBGF receptor phenotype occurs in the epithelial cells. Fast-tumors exhibit even higher constitutive expression of multiple HBGFs. Splice variants in cDNA for the HBGF receptor in fast-tumors suggest constitutive expression of an intracellular receptor, that together with intracellular HBGFs, may constitute an intracellular autocrine system that is independent of exogenous hormones and growth factors.
author list (cited authors)
McKeehan, W. L., Hou, J., Adams, P., Wang, F., Yan, G., & Kan, M.