Effect of H-atom concentration on soot formation in premixed ethylene/air flames
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Soot formation is a major challenge in the development of clean and efficient combustion systems based on hydrocarbon fuels. Fundamental understanding of the reaction mechanism leading to soot formation can be obtained by investigating the role of key reactive species such as atomic hydrogen taking part in soot formation pathways. In this study, two-dimensional laser induced incandescence (LII) measurements using ?=?1064?nm laser have been used to measure soot volume fraction (f V ) in a series of rich ethylene (C 2 H 4 )/air flames, stabilized over a McKenna burner fitted with a flame stabilizing metal disc. Moreover, a comparison of UV (?=?283?nm), visible (?=?532?nm) and IR (?=?1064?nm) laser excited LII measurements of soot is discussed. Recently developed, femtosecond two-photon laser-induced fluorescence (fs-TPLIF) technique has been applied for obtaining spatially resolved H-atom concentration ([H]) profiles under the same flame conditions. The structure of the flames has also been determined using hydroxyl radical (OH) planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) imaging. The results indicate an inverse dependence of f V on [H] for a range of C 2 H 4 /air rich flames up to an equivalence ratio, ?=?3.0. Although an absolute relationship between [H] and f V cannot be easily derived owing to the multiple steps involving H and other intermediate species in soot formation pathways, the present study demonstrates the feasibility to couple [H] and f V obtained using advanced optical techniques for soot formation studies.
author list (cited authors)
Jain, A., Wang, Y., & Kulatilaka, W. D.