Detoxification of organophosphate pesticides using an immobilized phosphotriesterase from Pseudomonas diminuta. Academic Article uri icon


  • A purified phosphotriesterase was successfully immobilized onto trityl agarose in a fixed bed reactor. A total of up to 9200 units of enzyme activity was immobilized onto 2.0 mL of trityl agarose (65 micromol trityl groups/mL agarose), where one unit is the amount of enzyme required to catalyze the hydrolysis of one micromole of paraoxon in one min. The immobilized enzyme was shown to behave chemically and kinetically similar to the free enzyme when paraoxon was utilized as a substrate. Several organophosphate pesticides, methyl parathion, ethyl parathion, diazinon, and coumaphos were also hydrolyzed by the immobilized phosphotriesterase. However, all substrates exhibited an affinity for the trityl agarose matrix. For increased solubility and reduction in the affinity of these pesticides for the trityl agarose matrix, methanol/water mixtures were utilized. The effect of methanol was not deleterious when concentrations of less than 20% were present. However, higher concentrations resulted in elution of enzyme from the reactor. With a 10-unit reactor, a 1.0 mM paraoxon solution was hydrolyzed completely at a flow rate of 45 mL/h. Kinetic parameters were measured with a 0.1-unit reactor with paraoxon as a substrate at a flow rate of 22 mL/h. The apparent K(m) for the immobilized enzyme was 3-4 times greater than the K(m) (0.1 mM) for the soluble enzyme. Immobilization limited the maximum rate of substrate hydrolysis to 40% of the value observed for the soluble enzyme. The pH-rate profiles of the soluble and immobilized enzymes were very similar. The immobilization of phosphotriesterase onto trityl agarose provides an effective method esterase onto trityl agarose provides an effective method for hydrolyzing and thus detoxifyuing organophosphate pesticides and mammalian acetylcholinesterase inhinbitors.

published proceedings

  • Biotechnol Bioeng

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Caldwell, S. R., & Raushel, F. M.

citation count

  • 83

complete list of authors

  • Caldwell, SR||Raushel, FM

publication date

  • January 1991