Pre-steady-state kinetics reveal a slow isomerization of the enzyme-NAD complex in the NAD-malic enzyme reaction. Academic Article uri icon


  • Stopped-flow experiments obtained in the pre-steady-state time scale of the NAD-malic enzyme reaction exhibit a lag prior to the attainment of steady state. Previous results from isotope effect studies in which the deuterium isotope effect on Vmax decreases to a value of 1 at low pH have been interpreted as suggesting a slow release of NADH [Kiick, D. M., Harris, B. G., & Cook, P. F. (1986) Biochemistry 25, 227-236]. The latter, however, requires a burst in the pre-steady-state time course, and thus the previous data have been reinterpreted in view of the observed lag. Preincubation with NAD and/or Mg increases the lag rate, with the latter having the greater effect, while preincubation with Mg and malate (or a malate analog) eliminates the lag. Data suggest a slow isomerization of E:NAD that is increased by addition of malate prior to NAD in the presence of Mg. The lag is also eliminated at low pH as a result of the overall rate being limited by the isomerization; that is, the isomerization is pH-dependent. Fumarate, an activator of the NAD-malic enzyme, when preincubated with enzyme also eliminates the lag, suggesting that the activator preferentially binds the isomerized form of the enzyme or increases the isomerization rate, or both. Stopped-flow data are corroborated by circular dichroism experiments. The unliganded enzyme is approximately 50% alpha-helix on the basis of secondary structural analysis. Binding of NAD and Mg exhibits a substantial change, with a further change observed upon binding the malate analog tartronate.

published proceedings

  • Biochemistry

author list (cited authors)

  • Rajapaksa, R., Abu-Soud, H., Raushel, F. M., Harris, B. G., & Cook, P. F.

citation count

  • 14

complete list of authors

  • Rajapaksa, R||Abu-Soud, H||Raushel, FM||Harris, BG||Cook, PF

publication date

  • March 1993