Differential roles for three conserved histidine residues within the large subunit of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase.
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Three conserved histidine residues, His-243, His-781, and His-788, located within the large subunit of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase from Escherichia coli were identified by sequence identity comparisons. These three histidine residues were individually mutated to asparagine residues. The H243N mutant enzyme was found to be critical for carbamoyl phosphate synthesis as the mutant protein was unable to synthesize carbamoyl phosphate at a significant rate (< 1/1500). By analysis of the effects of this mutation on the partial reactions catalyzed by CPS, it was determined that this mutation blocked the formation of the carbamate intermediate from carboxyphosphate and ammonia. The H781N mutant enzyme had an order of magnitude reduction for both the rate of carbamoyl phosphate formation and ATP synthesis which is consistent with the proposal that the carboxyl-terminal half of the large subunit is primarily involved in the phosphorylation of the putative carbamate intermediate. This mutation also reduced the effects of the allosteric activator ornithine on the Km parameters for ATP in the overall biosynthetic reaction and ADP in the ATP synthesis reaction. The H788N mutant enzyme is a functional protein which maintains the ability to synthesize carbamoyl phosphate at a rate comparable to that of the wild-type enzyme. The effects of this mutation are 10-fold reductions of the ATP synthetase and the bicarbonate-dependent ATPase activities with substantial increases in the Km values for ATP in the full biosynthetic reaction and for ADP in the ATP synthesis reaction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
author list (cited authors)
Miles, B. W., Mareya, S. M., Post, L. E., Post, D. J., Chang, S. H., & Raushel, F. M.
complete list of authors
Miles, BW||Mareya, SM||Post, LE||Post, DJ||Chang, SH||Raushel, FM