Does Maternity Care Coordination Influence Perinatal Health Care Utilization? Evidence from North Carolina.
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OBJECTIVE: To examine effects of maternity care coordination (MCC) on perinatal health care utilization among low-income women. DATA SOURCES: North Carolina Center for Health Statistics Baby Love files that include birth certificates, maternity care coordination records, WIC records, and Medicaid claims. STUDY DESIGN: Causal effects of MCC participation on health care outcomes were estimated in a sample of 7,124 singleton Medicaid-covered births using multiple linear regressions with inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW). PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Maternity care coordination recipients were more likely to receive first-trimester prenatal care (p<.01) and averaged three more prenatal visits and two additional primary care visits during pregnancy; they were also more likely to participate in WIC and to receive postpartum family planning services (p<.01). Medicaid expenditures were greater among mothers receiving MCC. CONCLUSIONS: Maternity care coordination facilitates access to health care and supportive services among Medicaid-covered women. Increased maternal service utilization may increase expenditures in the short run; however, improved newborn health may reduce the need for costly neonatal care, and by implication the need for early intervention and other supports for at-risk children.
author list (cited authors)
Hillemeier, M. M., Domino, M. E., Wells, R., Goyal, R. K., Kum, H., Cilenti, D., & Basu, A.