Optical solitons with polarization-mode dispersion for coupled Fokas–Lenells equation with two forms of integration architecture Academic Article uri icon


  • © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. This paper employs two integration schemes to extract dark and singular optical soliton solutions to the coupled Fokas–Lenells equation that is studied in the context of polarization-mode dispersion fibers. The existence criteria for these solitons are also presented.

author list (cited authors)

  • Arshed, S., Biswas, A., Zhou, Q., Moshokoa, S. P., & Belic, M.

citation count

  • 13

publication date

  • July 2018