Short-term forecasting of urban rail transit ridership based on ARIMA and wavelet decomposition
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© 2018 Author(s). Due to different functions and land use types, there are significant differences in ridership patterns among different urban rail transit stations. Considering the characteristics of different ridership and coping with the uncertainty, periodical and stochastic natures of short-term passenger flow, and this paper proposes a novel hybrid methodology that combines the autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model and wavelet decomposition, which has strong strengths in signal processing, to short-term ridership forecasting. The seasonal ARIMA is used to represent the relatively stable and regular ridership patterns while the wavelet decomposition is used to capture the stochastic or sometimes drastic changing characteristics of ridership patterns. The inclusion of wavelet decomposition and reconstruction provides the hybrid model with a unique strength in capturing sudden change in ridership patterns associated with certain rail stations. The case study is carried out by analyzing real ridership data of Metro Line 1 in Nanjing, China. The experimental results indicate that the hybrid method is superior to the individual ARIMA model for all ridership patterns, but particularly advantageous in predicting ridership at stations often associated with sudden pattern changes due to special events.
author list (cited authors)
Wang, X., Zhang, N., Chen, Y., & Zhang, Y.