An Acute Bout of Aquatic Treadmill Exercise Induces Greater Improvements in Endothelial Function and Postexercise Hypotension Than Land Treadmill Exercise: A Crossover Study. Academic Article uri icon


  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to compare acute bouts of aquatic treadmill (ATM) and land treadmill (LTM) exercise on flow-mediated dilation, postexercise blood pressure, plasma nitrate/nitrite, and atrial natriuretic peptide in untrained, prehypertensive men. DESIGN: In a counterbalanced, crossover design, 19 untrained, prehypertensive men completed bouts of ATM and LTM on separate days. Flow-mediated dilation was measured pre-exercise and 1-hr postexercise. Blood samples were obtained pre-exercise and immediately postexercise and analyzed for plasma nitrate/nitrite and atrial natriuretic peptide. A magnitude-based inference approach to inference was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: A possible clinically beneficial increase in flow-mediated dilation (1.2%, 90% confidence interval = -0.07% to 2.5%) was observed 1 hr after ATM. In contrast, a possible clinically harmful decrease in flow-mediated dilation (-1.3%, 90% confidence interval = -2.7% to 0.2%) was observed 1 hr after LTM. The magnitude of the postexercise systolic blood pressure reduction was greater after ATM (-4.9, SD = 2.9 mm Hg) than LTM (-2.6, SD = 2.5 mm Hg). Atrial natriuretic peptide increased 34.3 (SD = 47.0%) after ATM and decreased -9.0 (SD = 40.0%) after LTM. CONCLUSIONS: An acute bout of ATM induced a more favorable endothelial response and greater postexercise hypotensive response than LTM. These changes were associated with increased atrial natriuretic peptide levels after ATM.

published proceedings

  • Am J Phys Med Rehabil

altmetric score

  • 2

author list (cited authors)

  • Joubert, D. P., Granados, J. Z., Oliver, J. M., Noack, B. L., Grandjean, P. W., Woodman, C. R., Riechman, S. E., & Crouse, S. F.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Joubert, Dustin P||Granados, Jorge Z||Oliver, Jonathan M||Noack, Bethany L||Grandjean, Peter W||Woodman, Christopher R||Riechman, Steven E||Crouse, Stephen F

publication date

  • August 2018