Discovery of an L-fucono-1,5-lactonase from cog3618 of the amidohydrolase superfamily.
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A member of the amidohydrolase superfamily, BmulJ_04915 from Burkholderia multivorans, of unknown function was determined to hydrolyze a series of sugar lactones: L-fucono-1,4-lactone, D-arabino-1,4-lactone, L-xylono-1,4-lactone, D-lyxono-1,4-lactone, and L-galactono-1,4-lactone. The highest activity was shown for L-fucono-1,4-lactone with a k(cat) value of 140 s(-1) and a k(cat)/K(m) value of 1.0 10(5) M(-1) s(-1) at pH 8.3. The enzymatic product of an adjacent L-fucose dehydrogenase, BmulJ_04919, was shown to be L-fucono-1,5-lactone via nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. L-Fucono-1,5-lactone is unstable and rapidly converts nonenzymatically to L-fucono-1,4-lactone. Because of the chemical instability of L-fucono-1,5-lactone, 4-deoxy-L-fucono-1,5-lactone was enzymatically synthesized from 4-deoxy-L-fucose using L-fucose dehydrogenase. BmulJ_04915 hydrolyzed 4-deoxy-L-fucono-1,5-lactone with a k(cat) value of 990 s(-1) and a k(cat)/K(m) value of 8.0 10(6) M(-1) s(-1) at pH 7.1. The protein does not require divalent cations in the active site for catalytic activity. BmulJ_04915 is the second enzyme from cog3618 of the amidohydrolase superfamily that does not require a divalent metal for catalytic activity. BmulJ_04915 is the first enzyme that has been shown to catalyze the hydrolysis of either L-fucono-1,4-lactone or L-fucono-1,5-lactone. The structures of the fuconolactonase and the fucose dehydrogenase were determined by X-ray diffraction methods.
author list (cited authors)
Hobbs, M. E., Vetting, M., Williams, H. J., Narindoshvili, T., Kebodeaux, D. M., Hillerich, B., ... Raushel, F. M.
complete list of authors
Hobbs, Merlin Eric||Vetting, Matthew||Williams, Howard J||Narindoshvili, Tamari||Kebodeaux, Devon M||Hillerich, Brandan||Seidel, Ronald D||Almo, Steven C||Raushel, Frank M