Development and application of a validated HPLC method for the analysis of dissolution samples of levothyroxine sodium drug products. Academic Article uri icon


  • A rapid, selective, and sensitive gradient HPLC method was developed for the analysis of dissolution samples of levothyroxine sodium tablets. Current USP methodology for levothyroxine (L-T(4)) was not adequate to resolve co-elutants from a variety of levothyroxine drug product formulations. The USP method for analyzing dissolution samples of the drug product has shown significant intra- and inter-day variability. The sources of method variability include chromatographic interferences introduced by the dissolution media and the formulation excipients. In the present work, chromatographic separation of levothyroxine was achieved on an Agilent 1100 Series HPLC with a Waters Nova-pak column (250 mm 3.9 mm) using a 0.01 M phosphate buffer (pH 3.0)-methanol (55:45, v/v) in a gradient elution mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min and detection UV wavelength of 225 nm. The injection volume was 800 L and the column temperature was maintained at 28C. The method was validated according to USP Category I requirements. The validation characteristics included accuracy, precision, specificity, linearity, and analytical range. The standard curve was found to have a linear relationship (r(2)>0.99) over the analytical range of 0.08-0.8 g/mL. Accuracy ranged from 90 to 110% for low quality control (QC) standards and 95 to 105% for medium and high QC standards. Precision was <2% at all QC levels. The method was found to be accurate, precise, selective, and linear for L-T(4) over the analytical range. The HPLC method was successfully applied to the analysis of dissolution samples of marketed levothyroxine sodium tablets.

published proceedings

  • J Pharm Biomed Anal

author list (cited authors)

  • Collier, J. W., Shah, R. B., Bryant, A. R., Habib, M. J., Khan, M. A., & Faustino, P. J.

citation count

  • 26

complete list of authors

  • Collier, JW||Shah, RB||Bryant, AR||Habib, MJ||Khan, MA||Faustino, PJ

publication date

  • February 2011