Preparation and in vitro characterization of a semi-solid dispersion of flurbiprofen with Gelucire 44/14 and Labrasol. Academic Article uri icon


  • Flurbiprofen is characterized by low solubility in water and has been implicated in causing gastro intestinal ulceration. The purpose of this study was to increase the dissolution characteristics of flurbiprofen by preparing a semi-solid dispersion with Gelucire 44/14 and Labrasol (F1) in hard gelatin capsules. The results were evaluated by comparing several in vitro parameters with powdered drug filled into hard gelatin capsules. The in vitro dissolution testing of the dosage forms was performed in different media (simulated gastric fluid, pH 1.2; citrate buffer pH 4.5; phosphate buffers pH 6.8 and 7.2, and water). Characterization of semi-solid dispersions and physical mixtures was performed using Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), particle size analysis and turbidity measurement. The results suggest that all semi-solid dispersions of flurbiprofen showed a remarkable improvement in the rate and extent of drug dissolution. The dissolution of F1 exhibited significant improvement in all dissolution media at different pH. The dissolution of flurbiprofen within 30 min in pH 1.2 was (55%), in pH 4.5 67%, pH 6.8 96%, pH 7.2 98% and in water 88%. FT-IR indicated no strong drug: excipient interactions, and DSC studies indicated a loss of crystalline nature of the drug. The particle size analysis revealed an average size diameter from 194 to 278 nm. Therefore, a semi-solid dispersion of flurbiprofen with Gelucire and Labrasol may have the potential of improved bioavailability because of the enhanced in vitro properties.

published proceedings

  • Pharmazie

author list (cited authors)

  • Soliman, M. S., & Khan, M. A.

citation count

  • 9

complete list of authors

  • Soliman, MS||Khan, MA

publication date

  • April 2005