Comparative evaluation of in vitro efficacy of colesevelam hydrochloride tablets. Academic Article uri icon


  • CONTEXT: Colesevelam hydrochloride is used as an adjunct to diet and exercise to reduce elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in patients with primary hyperlipidemia as well as to improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. This is likely to result in submission of abbreviated new drug applications (ANDA). OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of two tablet products of colesevelam hydrochloride based on the in vitro binding of bile acid sodium salts of glycocholic acid (GC), glycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDA) and taurodeoxycholic acid (TDCA). METHODS: Kinetic binding study was carried out with constant initial bile salt concentrations as a function of time. Equilibrium binding studies were conducted under conditions of constant incubation time and varying initial concentrations of bile acid sodium salts. The unbound concentration of bile salts was determined in the samples of these studies. Langmuir equation was utilized to calculate the binding constants k1 and k2. RESULTS: The amount of the three bile salts bound to both the products reached equilibrium at 3h. The similarity factor (f2) was 99.5 based on the binding profile of total bile salts to the test and reference colesevelam tablets as a function of time. The 90% confidence interval for the test to reference ratio of k2 values were 96.06-112.07 which is within the acceptance criteria of 80-120%. CONCLUSION: It is concluded from the results that the test and reference tablets of colesevelam hydrochloride showed a similar in vitro binding profile and capacity to bile salts.

published proceedings

  • Drug Dev Ind Pharm

author list (cited authors)

  • Krishnaiah, Y., Yang, Y., Bykadi, S., Sayeed, V. A., & Khan, M. A.

citation count

  • 6

complete list of authors

  • Krishnaiah, Yellela SR||Yang, Yongsheng||Bykadi, Srikant||Sayeed, Vilayat A||Khan, Mansoor A

publication date

  • September 2014