Redox titrations of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase from Clostridium thermoaceticum.
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Redox titrations of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase (CODH) from Clostridium thermoaceticum were performed using the reductant CO and the oxidant thionin. Titrations were followed at 420 nm, a wavelength sensitive to redox changes of the iron-sulfur clusters in the enzyme. When CODH was oxidized by just enough thionin to maximize A420, two molecules of CO per mole of CODH dimer (4 equiv/mol) reduced the enzyme fully. Likewise, 4 equiv/mol of thionin oxidized the fully-reduced enzyme to the point where A420 maximized. The four n = 1 redox sites which titrated in this region were designated group I sites. They include at least two iron-sulfur clusters, [Fe/S]A and [Fe/S]B, and two other sites, A' and B'. The [Fe4S4]2+/1+ cluster in CODH is included in this group. [Fe/S]B and B' have reduction potentials (at pH 8) below -480 mV vs NHE; [Fe/S]A and A' have reduction potentials above that value. The reduction potential of either [Fe/S]B or B' is near to the CO/CO2 couple at pH 8 (-622 mV). When CODH was oxidized by more than enough thionin to maximize A420, some of the excess thionin oxidized the so-called group II redox sites. These sites have reduction potentials more positive than group I and do not exhibit changes at 420 nm when titrated. Titration of group II sites required 1-2 equiv/mol. EPR of reduced group II sites exhibited the gav = 1.82 signal. When these sites were oxidized, the only signal present had g values at 2.075, 2.036, and 1.983.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)