Spectroelectrochemical characterization of the metal centers in carbon monoxide dehydrogenase (CODH) and nickel-deficient CODH from Rhodospirillum rubrum.
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Carbon-monoxide dehydrogenase (CODH) from Rhodospirillum rubrum contains two metal centers: a Ni-X-[Fe4S4]2+/1+ cluster (C-center) that serves as the COoxidation site and a standard [Fe4S4]2+/1+ cluster (B-center) that mediates electron flow from the C-center to external electron acceptors. Four states of the C-center were previously identified in electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and Mssbauer studies. In this report, EPR-redox titrations demonstrate that the fully oxidized, diamagnetic form of the C-center (Cox) undergoes a one-electron reduction to the Cred1 state (gav = 1.87) with a midpoint potential of -110 mV. The reduction of Cox to Cred1 is shown to coincide with the reduction of an [Fe4S4]2+/1+ cluster in redox-titration experiments monitored by UV-visible spectroscopy. Nickel-deficient CODH, which is devoid of nickel yet contains both [Fe4S4]2+/1+ clusters, does not exhibit EPR-active states or reduced Fe4S4 clusters at potentials more positive than -350 mV.