Multiple Landau-Zener crossings and quantum interference in atoms driven by phase modulated fields
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The excitation amplitude after multiple crossings is not a mere product of Landau-Zener transition probabilities at each crossing, due to coherent evolution of the system in between crossings. In the three-level ladder system, the trapping of population by frequency modulated fields ensures coherent evolution, and inclusion of phase effects for population redistribution after multiple crossings becomes necessary. The relative phase accumulated by various adiabatic states as they evolve along different paths is tailored to show the existence of quantum interference effects. We present a method of inverting the population in a three-level system, without affecting the population in the intermediate state. We also present an all optical implementation of the three-level ladder system, where these effects can be realized. 1997 The American Physical Society.