Electron paramagnetic resonance and Mssbauer spectroscopy of intact mitochondria from respiring Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
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Mitochondria from respiring cells were isolated under anaerobic conditions. Microscopic images were largely devoid of contaminants, and samples consumed O(2) in an NADH-dependent manner. Protein and metal concentrations of packed mitochondria were determined, as was the percentage of external void volume. Samples were similarly packed into electron paramagnetic resonance tubes, either in the as-isolated state or after exposure to various reagents. Analyses revealed two signals originating from species that could be removed by chelation, including rhombic Fe(3+) (g = 4.3) and aqueous Mn(2+) ions (g = 2.00 with Mn-based hyperfine). Three S = 5/2 signals from Fe(3+) hemes were observed, probably arising from cytochrome c peroxidase and the a(3):Cu(b) site of cytochrome c oxidase. Three Fe/S-based signals were observed, with averaged g values of 1.94, 1.90 and 2.01. These probably arise, respectively, from the [Fe(2)S(2)](+) cluster of succinate dehydrogenase, the [Fe(2)S(2)](+) cluster of the Rieske protein of cytochrome bc (1), and the [Fe(3)S(4)](+) cluster of aconitase, homoaconitase or succinate dehydrogenase. Also observed was a low-intensity isotropic g = 2.00 signal arising from organic-based radicals, and a broad signal with g (ave) = 2.02. Mssbauer spectra of intact mitochondria were dominated by signals from Fe(4)S(4) clusters (60-85% of Fe). The major feature in as-isolated samples, and in samples treated with ethylenebis(oxyethylenenitrilo)tetraacetic acid, dithionite or O(2), was a quadrupole doublet with DeltaE (Q) = 1.15 mm/s and delta = 0.45 mm/s, assigned to [Fe(4)S(4)](2+) clusters. Substantial high-spin non-heme Fe(2+) (up to 20%) and Fe(3+) (up to 15%) species were observed. The distribution of Fe was qualitatively similar to that suggested by the mitochondrial proteome.
author list (cited authors)
Hudder, B. N., Morales, J. G., Stubna, A., Mnck, E., Hendrich, M. P., & Lindahl, P. A.
complete list of authors
Hudder, Brandon N||Morales, Jessica Garber||Stubna, Audria||Münck, Eckard||Hendrich, Michael P||Lindahl, Paul A