DISTURBANCE-WAVE INTERACTIONS IN FLOWS WITH CROSSFLOW.
The leading-edge region of swept wings is dominated by the crossflow instability, resulting in vortices that all rotate in the same sense. The effect of these possibly unsteady vortices on the behavior of other disturbances is examined, and a strong interaction between these and disturbances of half the dominating crossflow wavelength is predicted. According to theory, the interaction is of crossflow-crossflow type. The effect explains the anomalies found in the experimental observations of Saric and Yeates. Visually, they observe vortices at the wavelength predicted by linear theory; however, in their hot-wire measurements they find that the superharmonic dominates disturbance growth, eventually having three times the amplitude of the primary wave. In this case, the usual transition prediction methods would fail, clearly indicating the importance of studying interactions of this sort.
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