Groundwater App to Determine Flow Direction and Gradient Academic Article uri icon


  • A computational program, called the groundwater flow calculator, was created to quickly and easily determine the hydraulic gradient and direction of groundwater flow. The groundwater flow calculator automates the hand-drawn process by Ralph Heath in the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Water Supply Paper 2220. In addition, a mobile app was developed to allow this procedure to run on a smart phone for use in the field.

author list (cited authors)

  • Morrison, D., & Munster, C.

citation count

  • 1

publication date

  • June 2014