Electronic Effects Steer the Mechanism of Asymmetric Hydrogenations of Unfunctionalized Aryl-Substituted Alkenes Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Density functional theory (PBE and B3LYP) was used to study asymmetric hydrogenations of alkenes catalyzed by an iridium imidazolylidine oxazoline complex. The calculation predicts that the alkene preferentially coordinates to the site trans to the carbene. The coordinated alkene then reacts first with the H2 ligand, then with the hydride to form alkane. Finally, the alkane is released by equilibrating with extrinsic H2 and alkene. Enantioface selectivities for hydrogenations of trisubstituted alkenes seem to be driven primarily by steric interactions with the adamantyl part of the ligand; only the smallest substituents can adopt a site close to it. Application of this theoretical model leads to correct predictions regarding the experimentally observed sense and magnitude of the enantioselectivities.

author list (cited authors)

  • Fan, Y., Cui, X., Burgess, K., & Hall, M. B.

publication date

  • January 1, 2004 11:11 AM