Output Tracking Control Based on Adaptive Dynamic Programming With Multistep Policy Evaluation Academic Article uri icon


  • IEEE In this paper, the optimal output tracking control problem of discrete-time nonlinear systems is considered. First, the augmented system is derived and the tracking control problem is converted to the regulation problem with a discounted performance index, which relies on the solution of the Bellman equation. It is known that policy iteration and value iteration are two classical algorithms for solving the Bellman equation. Through analysis of the two algorithms, it is found that policy iteration converges fast while requires an initial admissible control policy, and value iteration avoids the requirement of an initial admissible control policy but converges slowly. To achieve the tradeoff between policy iteration and value iteration, the multistep heuristic dynamic programming (MsHDP) is proposed by using multistep policy evaluation scheme. The convergence of MsHDP algorithm is proved by demonstrating that it converges to the solution of the Bellman equation. Subsequently, neural network-based actor-critic structure is developed to implement the MsHDP algorithm. The effectiveness and advantages of the developed MsHDP method are validated through comparative simulation studies.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Luo, B., Liu, D., Huang, T., & Liu, J.

citation count

  • 53

complete list of authors

  • Luo, Biao||Liu, Derong||Huang, Tingwen||Liu, Jiangjiang

publication date

  • October 2019