Memristor-Based Echo State Network With Online Least Mean Square
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2018 IEEE. In this paper, we propose a novel computational architecture of memristor-based echo state network (MESN) with the online least mean square (LMS) algorithm. Newman and Watts small-world network is adopted for the topological structure of MESN network with memristive neural synapses. In the MESN network, the state matrix of the reservoir layer, which is obtained by raising the dimension of input data, is utilized as an input of the LMS algorithm to train the output weight matrix on chip. After certain iterations, the resistance value of memristor is adjusted to a constant. Thus, the final weight output matrix is obtained. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed MESN network, car evaluation and short-term power load forecasting are employed with the effect evaluation of the node number and the connectivity degree of the reservoir layer. The research provides a novel way to design neuromorphic computing systems.