Coordinated Optimization for the Descent Gradient of Technical Index in the Iron Removal Process.
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In the iron removal process, which is composed of four cascaded reactors, outlet ferrous ion concentration (OFIC) is an important technical index for each reactor. The descent gradient of OFIC indicates the reduced degree of ferrous ions in each reactor. Finding the optimal descent gradient of OFIC is tightly close to the effective iron removal and the optimal operation of the process. This paper proposes a coordinated optimization strategy for setting the descent gradient of OFIC. First, an optimal setting module is established to determine the initial set-points of the descent gradient. The oxygen utilization ratio (OUR), an important parameter in this module, cannot be measured online. Therefore, a self-adjusting RBF (SARBF) neural network with an adaptive learning rate is developed to estimate the OUR. The convergence of the SARBF neural network is discussed. Then, a coordinated optimization strategy is proposed to adjust the set-points of the descent gradient when the measured OFICs drift away from their desired set-pints. If the final OFIC does not satisfy the process requirements, a compensation mechanism is developed to provide a compensation for the set-points of the descent gradient. Finally, industrial experiments in the largest zinc hydrometallurgy plant validate the effectiveness of the proposed coordinated optimization strategy. Our strategy improves the qualified ratio of the OFIC and the quality of the goethite precipitate. More profit is created to the iron removal process after our strategy is applied.