DISTRIBUTED BEAMFORMING FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS WITH RANDOM NODE LOCATION
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Due to the unsupervised nature of wireless sensor networks (WSNs), intensive communications are required among the selected nodes to reach a consensus and synchronize prior to entering a distributed beamforming (DBF) procedure. Therefore, a sensible approach to select the nodes should not only take into account the required beampattern, but also should aim to preserve the inter-node connectivity and the network energy. We show for a uniformly distributed WSN that when the nodes are selected from a ring of proper radii, the resulting beampattern mainlobe is narrower compared to that of the classical DBF technique proposed in . At the same time, our proposed technique may preserve a substantial amount of network energy and reduce the probability of network disconnectivity. Directivity of the proposed DBF technique is analyzed and an extension of the technique to a multi-ring case is presented. It is shown that the sidelobe peaks can be considerably decreased if the nodes are selected from multiple concentric rings. 2009 IEEE.
name of conference
2009 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing