Distributed Channel Coding for Underwater Acoustic Cooperative Networks
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Multiuser cooperative schemes usually rely on relay selection or channel selection to avoid deep fading and achieve diversity while maintaining acceptable spectral efficiency. In some applications such as underwater acoustic communications, the low speed of the acoustic wave results in a very long delay between the channel state information (CSI) measurement time and the relay assignment time, which leads to a severely outdated CSI. To remedy this, we propose distributed coding schemes that aim at achieving good diversity-multiplexing trade-off (DMT) for multiuser scenarios where CSI is not available for resource allocation. We consider a network with multiple source nodes, multiple relay nodes, and a single destination. We first introduce a distributed linear block coding scheme, including Reed-Solomon codes, where each relay implements a column of the generator matrix of the code, and soft decision decoding is employed to retrieve the information at the destination side. We derive the end-to-end error performance of this scheme and show that the achievable diversity equals the minimum Hamming distance of the underlying code, while its DMT outperforms that of existing schemes. We extend the proposed scheme to distributed convolutional codes, and show that achieving higher diversity orders is also possible. 2014 IEEE.