Doppler Compensation for AF Two Way Relaying over Time Varying UWA Channels **This paper was made possible by Grant NPRP 09–126-2–054 from the Qatar National Research Fund (a member of Qatar Foundation). The statements made herein are solely the responsibility of the authors
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© 2014 IEEE. In this paper, we consider Doppler compensation for time varying underwater acoustic channels. The underlying system model comprises two sources, S1 and S2, communicating with each other through a relay, R. The transmission process goes through two phases. In the first phase, the two sources transmit simultaneously and the relay receives. In the second phase, the relay processes the received signals and broadcasts the combined signal to the destinations, i.e., sources. The underlying channels are considered to be time varying frequency selective channels, where the only source of time variation is the relative motion between the transceivers. Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is used as a means to combat frequency selectivity. Two cases are considered, namely, when R uses multiple resampling (MR) preprocessing to reduce the effect of intercarrier interference (ICI) resulting from the time variation, and when R uses single resampling (SR) preprocessing. In both cases, in the second phase of transmission, each source performs MR preprocessing and after subtracting its own signal ICI equalization is performed to further reduce the effect of residual ICI. Simulation results show that performing MR at R outperforms the case when SR is used at R, however, this comes at the expense of more hardware complexity.
author list (cited authors)
Daoud, S., Karakaya, B., & Ghrayeb, A.