Maximum Likelihood Joint Angle and Delay Estimation from Multipath and Multicarrier Transmissions with Application to Indoor Localization over IEEE 802.11ac Radio
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© 2002-2012 IEEE. In this paper, we tackle the problem of joint angle and delays estimation (JADE) of multiple reflections of a known signal impinging on multiple receiving antennae. Based on the importance sampling (IS) concept, we propose a new non-iterative maximum likelihood (ML) estimator that enjoys guaranteed global optimality and enhanced high-resolution capabilities for both single- and multi-carrier models. The new ML approach succeeds in transforming the original multi-dimensional optimization problem into multiple two-dimensional ones thereby resulting in huge computational savings. Moreover, it does not suffer from the off-grid problems that are inherent to most existing JADE techniques. By exploiting the sparsity feature of a carefully designed pseudo-pdf that is intrinsic to the new estimator, we also propose a novel approach that enables the accurate detection of the unknown number of paths over a wide range of practical signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). Computer simulations show the distinct advantage of the new ML estimator over state-of-the art JADE techniques both in the single- and multi-carrier scenarios. Most remarkably, they suggest that the proposed IS-based ML JADE is statistically efficient as it almost reaches the Camér-Rao lower bound (CRLB) even in the adverse conditions of low SNR levels. Using real-world channel measurements collected from four access points (APs) with IEEE 802.11ac standard's setup parameters in an indoor environment, we also show that the proposed ML estimator achieves a localization performance below 15 cm accuracy.
author list (cited authors)
Bellili, F., Amor, S. B., Affes, S., & Ghrayeb, A.