Techniques for Drawing Geographic One-Line Diagrams: Substation Spacing and Line Routing Academic Article uri icon


  • 2018 IEEE. Visualization of electric power transmission systems centers on the one-line diagram, which is a simplified logical depiction of the circuit's connections and elements. Such a graph drawing is useful for supporting the study, analysis, and presentation of power system data. This paper proposes an automated way to generate one-line diagrams, given substation identifiers with geographic tags and the system bus-branch model. Two approaches to drawing the substations are given: A force-directed approach and a greedy approach, which in different ways modify the position and size of substations as drawn. For transmission line routing between substations, a Delaunay-based method is employed, which segments the transmission line drawings to avoid overlapping with substations and other lines. These methods show good visual properties in spacing, geographic context, relatively straight lines, and computational speed. The result is that large power systems, real and synthetic, can be easily and quickly visualized with a diagram that merges geographic context with logical clarity.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Birchfield, A. B., & Overbye, T. J.

citation count

  • 16

publication date

  • November 2018