Generation and detection of non-Gaussian phonon-added coherent states in optomechanical systems
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2018 American Physical Society. Adding excitations on a coherent state provides an effective way to observe the nonclassical properties of radiation fields. Here, we describe and analyze how to apply this concept to the motional state of a mechanical oscillator and present a full scheme to prepare non-Gaussian phonon-added coherent states of the mechanical motion in cavity optomechanics. We first generate a mechanical coherent state using electromagnetically induced transparency. We then add a single phonon onto the coherent state via optomechanical parametric down-conversion combined with single-photon detection. We validate this single-phonon-added coherent state by using a red-detuned beam and reading out the state of the optical output field. This approach allows us to verify nonclassical properties of the phonon state, such as sub-Poissonian character and quadrature squeezing. We further show that our scheme can be directly implemented using existing devices, and is generic in nature and hence applicable to a variety of systems in opto- and electromechanics.