Development of a united-atom force field for 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetracyanoborate ionic liquid Conference Paper uri icon


  • Three united-atom (UA) force fields are presented for the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetracyanoborate, abbreviated as [EMIM] +[B(CN) 4]. The atomistic charges were calculated based on the restrained electrostatic potential (RESP) of the isolated ions (abbreviated as force field 1, FF-1) and the ensemble averaged RESP (EA-RESP) method from the most stable ion pair configurations obtained by MP2/6-31G*+ calculations (abbreviated as FF-2 and FF-3). Non-electrostatic parameters for both ions were taken from the literature and Lennard-Jones parameters for the [B(CN) 4] anion were fitted in two different ways to reproduce the experimental liquid density. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed over a wide temperature range to identify the effect of the electrostatic and non-electrostatic potential on the liquid density and on transport properties such as self-diffusion coefficient and viscosity. Predicted liquid densities for the three parameter sets deviate less than 0.5% from experimental data. The molecular mobility with FF-2 and FF-3 using reduced charge sets is appreciably faster than that obtained with FF-1. FF-3 presents a refined non-electrostatic potential that leads to a notable improvement in both transport properties when compared to experimental data. 2012 Taylor & Francis.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Koller, T. M., Ramos, J., Garrido, N. M., Froeba, A. P., & Economou, I. G.

citation count

  • 26

complete list of authors

  • Koller, Thomas||Ramos, Javier||Garrido, Nuno M||Fröba, Andreas P||Economou, Ioannis G

publication date

  • June 2012