Prunus geminivirus A: A Novel Grablovirus Infecting Prunus spp.
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Increased use of metagenomics for routine virus diagnosis has led to the characterization of several genus level geminiviruses from tree fruit long thought to exclusively host RNA viruses. In this study, the identification and molecular characterization of a novel geminivirus is reported for the first time in Prunus spp. The virus, provisionally named Prunus geminivirus A (PrGVA), was identified by Illumina sequencing from an asymptomatic plum tree. PrGVA was subsequently confirmed by rolling cycle amplification, cloning, and Sanger sequencing of its complete genome (3,174 to 3,176 nucleotides) from an additional 18 (9 apricot and 9 plum) field isolates. Apart from the nonanucleotide motif TAATATTAC present in its virion strand origin of replication, other conserved motifs of PrGVA support its geminiviral origin. PrGVA shared highest complete genome (73 to 74%), coat protein amino acid (83 to 85%) and rep-associated amino acid (74%) identities with Grapevine red blotch virus (GRBV). PrGVA was graft but not mechanically transmissible. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction screening of Prunus spp. in the National Clonal Germplasm Repository collection using newly designed primers and probes revealed 69.4% (apricot), 55.8% (plum), and 8.3% (cherry) incidences of PrGVA. PrGVA is proposed as a novel member of the genus Grablovirus based on its close genome and phylogenetic relationship with GRBV.
author list (cited authors)
Al Rwahnih, M., Alabi, O. J., Westrick, N. M., & Golino, D.
complete list of authors
Al Rwahnih, Maher||Alabi, Olufemi J||Westrick, Nathaniel M||Golino, Deborah