Beta-galactosidase staining in the skeleton. Academic Article uri icon


  • The lacZ gene, encoding for the -galactosidase enzyme, is widely used as a reporter gene in bone biology due to the ease of visualization in situ on whole-mount or on tissue sections. In this protocol we provide detailed methods for visualizing this reporter gene for both in vivo and in vitro studies. In addition, we describe a few tips for troubleshooting for mineralized tissues such as the skeleton.

published proceedings

  • Methods Mol Biol

author list (cited authors)

  • Han, X. L., & Feng, J. Q.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Han, XL||Feng, Jian Q

publication date

  • January 2014