Crack Opening Displacement and the Associated Response of Laminates with Varying Constraints Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper reports an experimental study of the opening displacement behavior of 90-ply cracks in a class of composite laminates where the constraint to cracking is varied systematically. The study is motivated by a synergistic approach to damage mechanics proposed by Talreja (1996) where the crack opening displacement forms a key micromechanically determined parameter in a continuum damage formulation of the composite response. It is found that although the opening displacement shows scatter from point to point along a crack length, its average over the crack length forms a robust parameter. This parameter, when introduced as the damage influence coefficient in a continuum description of damage, allows satisfactory predictions of the elastic moduli changes due to transverse cracks in the considered class of laminates with varying constraints.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Varna, J., Akshantala, N. V., & Talreja, R.

citation count

  • 28

complete list of authors

  • Varna, Janis||Akshantala, Nagendra V||Talreja, Ramesh

publication date

  • January 1999