Crack Opening Displacement and the Associated Response of Laminates with Varying Constraints Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper reports an experimental study of the opening displacement behavior of 90-ply cracks in a class of composite laminates where the constraint to cracking is varied systematically. The study is motivated by a synergistic approach to damage mechanics proposed by Talreja (1996) where the crack opening displacement forms a key micromechanically determined parameter in a continuum damage formulation of the composite response. It is found that although the opening displacement shows scatter from point to point along a crack length, its average over the crack length forms a robust parameter. This parameter, when introduced as the damage influence coefficient in a continuum description of damage, allows satisfactory predictions of the elastic moduli changes due to transverse cracks in the considered class of laminates with varying constraints.

published proceedings

  • International Journal of Damage Mechanics

author list (cited authors)

  • Varna, J., Akshantala, N. V., & Talreja, R

citation count

  • 27

complete list of authors

  • Varna, Janis||Akshantala, Nagendra V||Talreja, Ramesh

publication date

  • April 1999