Synthesis and structures of nickel and palladium salicylaldiminato 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane (PTA) complexes.
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The synthesis of nickel(II) and palladium(II) salicylaldiminato complexes incorporating the water-soluble phosphine 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane(PTA) has been achieved employing two preparative routes. Reaction of the original ethylene polymerization catalyst developed by Grubbs and co-workers (Organometallics 1998, 17, 3149), (salicylaldiminato)Ni(Ph)PPh(3), with PTA using a homogeneous methanol/toluene solvent system resulted in the formation of the PTA analogues in good yields. Alternatively, complexes of this type may be synthesized via a direct approach utilizing (tmeda)M(CH(3))(2) (M = Ni, Pd), the corresponding salicylaldimine, and PTA. Yields by this method were generally near quantitative. The complexes were characterized in solution by (1)H/(13)C/(31)P NMR spectroscopy and in the solid-state by X-ray crystallography. All derivatives exhibited square-planar geometry with the bulky isopropyl groups on the aniline being perpendicular to the plane formed by the metal center and its four ligands. Such orientation of these sterically encumbering groups is responsible for polymer chain growth during olefin polymerization in favor of chain termination via beta-hydride elimination. Polymerization reactions were attempted using the nickel-PTA complexes in a biphasic toluene/water mixture in an effort to initiate ethylene polymerization by trapping the dissociated phosphine ligand in the water layer, thereby eliminating the need for a phosphine scavenger. Unfortunately, because of the strong binding ability of the small, donating phosphine(PTA) as compared to PPh(3), phosphine dissociation did not occur at a temperature where the complexes are thermally stable.