Characterization of steric and electronic properties of NiN2S2 complexes as S-donor metallodithiolate ligands. Academic Article uri icon


  • The physical properties and structures of a series of six complexes of the type (NiN(2)S(2))W(CO)(4) have been used to establish electronic and steric parameters for square planar NiN(2)S(2) complexes as bidentate, S-donor ligands. According to the nu(CO) stretching frequencies and associated computed Cotton-Kraihanzel force constants of the tungsten carbonyl adducts, there is little difference in donor abilities of the five neutral NiN(2)S(2) metallodithiolate ligands in the series. The dianionic Ni(ema)(2)(-) (ema = N,N'-ethylenebis(2-mercaptoacetamide)) complex transfers more electron density onto the W(CO)(4) moiety. A ranking of donor abilities and a comparison with classical bidentate ligands is as follows: Ni(ema)(=) > {[NiN(2)S(2)](0)} > bipy approximately phen > Ph(2)PCH(2)CH(2)PPh(2) > Ph(2)PCH(2)PPh(2). Electrochemical data from cyclic voltammetry find that the reduction event in the (NiN(2)S(2))W(CO)(4) derivatives is shifted to more positive potentials by ca. 0.5 V compared to the ca. -2 V Ni(II/I) redox event in the free NiN(2)S(2) ligand, consistent with the electron drain from the nickel-dithiolate ligands by the W(CO)(4) acceptor. Differences in Ni(II/I) DeltaE(1/2) values appear to have a ligand dependence which is related to a structural feature of the hinge angle imposed by the (mu-SR)(2) bridges. Thus the angle formed by the intersection of NiN(2)S(2)/WS(2)C(2) planes has been established by X-ray diffraction analyses as a unique orientational feature of the nickel-dithiolate ligands in contrast to classical diphosphine or diimine ligands and ranges in value from 136 to 107 degrees . Variable-temperature (13)C NMR studies show that the spatial orientations of the ligands remained fixed with respect to the W(CO)(4) moiety to temperatures of 100 degrees C.

published proceedings

  • J Am Chem Soc

author list (cited authors)

  • Rampersad, M. V., Jeffery, S. P., Golden, M. L., Lee, J., Reibenspies, J. H., Darensbourg, D. J., & Darensbourg, M. Y

citation count

  • 49

complete list of authors

  • Rampersad, Marilyn V||Jeffery, Stephen P||Golden, Melissa L||Lee, Jonghyuk||Reibenspies, Joseph H||Darensbourg, Donald J||Darensbourg, Marcetta Y

publication date

  • December 2005