Classical Theory of a Free-Electron Laser Academic Article uri icon


  • We present a completely classical analysis of the small-signal regime of a free-electron laser. It is explicitly shown that the amplification is due to stimulated scattering produced by a bunching of the electron distribution. 1976 The American Physical Society.

published proceedings

  • Physical Review Letters

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Hopf, F. A., Meystre, P., Scully, M. O., & Louisell, W. H.

citation count

  • 44

complete list of authors

  • Hopf, FA||Meystre, P||Scully, MO||Louisell, WH

publication date

  • November 1976