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We investigate different kinds of polarization-correlated-emission schemes, including a maser and a laser concept. In these systems, coherently prepared atoms drive the electromagnetic field. We demonstrate that the atomic coherence can lead to a reduction of noise fluctuations within a linear theory. In the homogeneously broadened case the amplitude noise is strongly affected by the atomic coherence, leading to noise quenching in the laser and even squeezing in the maser. On the other hand, the phase fluctuations are unaffected by the coherence between the lasing levels. We then study the effect of inhomogeneous broadening of the atomic transition frequency. We find the interesting result that the noise reduction due to the atomic coherence is not destroyed but redistributed between the phase and amplitude of the electromagnetic field. 1990 The American Physical Society.
author list (cited authors)
Benkert, C., Scully, M. O., & Orszag, M.
complete list of authors
Benkert, C||Scully, MO||Orszag, M