Kinetics of drug release from ointments: Role of transient-boundary layer. Academic Article uri icon


  • In the current work, an in vitro release testing method suitable for ointment formulations was developed using acyclovir as a model drug. Release studies were carried out using enhancer cells on acyclovir ointments prepared with oleaginous, absorption, and water-soluble bases. Kinetics and mechanism of drug release was found to be highly dependent on the type of ointment bases. In oleaginous bases, drug release followed a unique logarithmic-time dependent profile; in both absorption and water-soluble bases, drug release exhibited linearity with respect to square root of time (Higuchi model) albeit differences in the overall release profile. To help understand the underlying cause of logarithmic-time dependency of drug release, a novel transient-boundary hypothesis was proposed, verified, and compared to Higuchi theory. Furthermore, impact of drug solubility (under various pH conditions) and temperature on drug release were assessed. Additionally, conditions under which deviations from logarithmic-time drug release kinetics occur were determined using in situ UV fiber-optics. Overall, the results suggest that for oleaginous ointments containing dispersed drug particles, kinetics and mechanism of drug release is controlled by expansion of transient boundary layer, and drug release increases linearly with respect to logarithmic time.

published proceedings

  • Int J Pharm

author list (cited authors)

  • Xu, X., Al-Ghabeish, M., Krishnaiah, Y., Rahman, Z., & Khan, M. A.

citation count

  • 29

complete list of authors

  • Xu, Xiaoming||Al-Ghabeish, Manar||Krishnaiah, Yellela SR||Rahman, Ziyaur||Khan, Mansoor A

publication date

  • October 2015