Actions of plant Argonautes: predictable or unpredictable? Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Argonaute (AGO) proteins are the key effector of RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC). Land plants typically encode numerous AGO proteins, and they can be typically divided into two major functional groups based on the species of their housed small RNAs (sRNAs). One group of AGOs, guided by 24-nucleotide (nt) sRNAs, canonically function in nuclei to implement transcriptional gene silencing (TGS), whereas the other group of AGOs, guided by 21-nt sRNAs, act in the cytoplasm to fulfill posttranscriptional gene silencing (PTGS). Many new discoveries have been recently made on functions and mechanisms of AGO proteins in plants, and some of the findings change our views on the conventional classification and roles of AGO proteins. In this review, we summarize our current knowledge of AGO proteins in plants.

altmetric score

  • 7.33

author list (cited authors)

  • Ma, Z., & Zhang, X.

citation count

  • 23

publication date

  • May 2018