Ultrathin zeolitic-imidazolate framework ZIF-8 membranes on polymeric hollow fibers for propylene/propane separation
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© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Polymer hollow fibers have great potential as cost-effective scalable substrates for the practical applications of highly propylene-selective ZIF-8 membranes. We report ultrathin ZIF-8 membranes supported on porous Matrimid® polymer hollow fibers via microwave-assisted seeding and microfluidic secondary growth. Densely-packed ZIF-8 seed layers were rapidly prepared on polymeric hollow fibers under microwave heating. The seed layers were then secondarily grown into well-intergrown ZIF-8 membranes under the continuous flow of the growth solution. The effects of synthesis parameters on the microstructures of ZIF-8 seed crystals were systematically studied. The resulting ZIF-8 membranes were characterized with XRD and SEM, showing well-intergrown ZIF-8 films formed on the bore of hollow fibers. The unique nature of the current technique enables facile formation of ultrathin ZIF-8 membranes on either the bore or shell side of hollow fibers with a thickness of ~ 800 nm. Propylene/propane binary gas permeation measurements showed an average separation factor of ~ 46 and propylene permeance of ~ 55 GPU.
author list (cited authors)
Lee, M. J., Hamid, M., Lee, J., Kim, J. S., Lee, Y. M., & Jeong, H.