A neural network-based detection and mitigation system for unintended acceleration
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© 2018 The Franklin Institute Modern vehicles are equipped with a growing number of electronic devices, which significantly improve the driving experience. However, the complicated architecture of electronic systems also increases the difficulty of fault diagnosis since process models are often unavailable. This paper presents a novel detection and mitigation system for vehicle related anomalies originating in unintended acceleration (UA), which has become one of the most complained-about vehicle problems in recent history. The detection system consists of several neural network-based models, which are created by analyzing historical vehicle data at specific moments such as acceleration peaks and gear shifting. These data-driven models describe the boundary of normal vehicle behavior in the data space. A priori knowledge of complete vehicle structures is not necessary for building them. The detection system combines these models to decide if a UA event has occurred. When a UA event is detected, a mitigation system cuts the engine power and adjusts the braking force accordingly. The whole system was validated in the Simulink/dSPACE environment. UA errors were simulated so that they occurred randomly when human subjects drove virtual cars in a simulated environment. Random noise of sensors were also considered and incorporated to add realism. Various traffic scenarios were included in tests. Test results show that the integrated system is capable of detecting UA in one second with high accuracy and reducing the risk of accidents.
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