Counterpropagating self-trapped beams in photorefractive crystals
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A time-dependent model for the formation of self-trapped optical beams in photorefractive media by counterpropagating laser beams is analysed. It is shown that dynamically the beams may form stable steady-state structures or display periodic and irregular temporal behaviour. Steady-state solutions of non-uniform cross section are found, representing a general class of self-trapped waveguides, that include counterpropagating spatial vector solitons as a particular case. Two critical curves are identified in the plane of parameters, the first one separating vector solitons from the stable bidirectional waveguides and the second one separating stable waveguides from the unstable ones. Dynamically stable rotating beam structures are discovered that have no analogues in the usual steady-state theory of spatial solitons.
author list (cited authors)
Belić, M., Jander, P. h., Motzek, K., Desyatnikov, A., Jović, D., Strinić, A., ... Kaiser, F.