Rheology control by modulating hydrophobic and inclusion associations in modified poly(acrylic acid) solutions Academic Article uri icon


  • The rheology of modified poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) solutions can be tuned by controlling the inclusion interactions between -cyclodextrins and alkyl hydrophobes. We demonstrate three modes of control: (1) using free cyclodextrins (CD) to displace hydrophobe-hydrophobe association in hydrophobically modified poly(acrylic acid) (HMPAA) polymers-which reduces fluid viscosity, (2) using competitive inclusion interactions where stronger SDS:CD binding can be used to 'unmask' CD:hydropobe inclusion interactions-which increases viscosity, and (3) employing HMPAA inclusion interactions with CD groups grafted to PAA chains (CDPAA)-which produces higher viscosities than purely hydrophobic association systems at the same concentration. The inclusion association between alkyl side-group in HMPAA and CD, either free or grafted onto PAA, obeys a 1-to-1 stoichiometry at low polymer concentrations (<1 wt%). In contrast to purely hydrophobically associating polymers, the CD:hydrophobe interaction is only binary, and, therefore, these associated networks should be ideal model systems to test theoretical predictions for associative fluids. 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Guo, X., Abdala, A. A., May, B. L., Lincoln, S. F., Khan, S. A., & Prud'homme, R. K.

citation count

  • 49

complete list of authors

  • Guo, Xuhong||Abdala, Ahmed A||May, Bruce L||Lincoln, Stephen F||Khan, Saad A||Prud'homme, Robert K

publication date

  • April 2006