Condylar movement and centric relation in patients with internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint. Academic Article uri icon


  • This study was designed to compare the reproducibility of the condylar translation pathway and the centric relation position in patients with and without internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint. Reproducibility of condylar movement and variability of the axis point of condylar rotation in centric relation was studied in 15 patients with internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint and 15 patients with no history or clinical signs of mandibular dysfunction. Condylar movement and axis point location were recorded with a sagittal recording device at three separate recording sessions. Lead markers were placed on the skin over the axis and orbital points, and lateral cephalometric radiographs were taken at each session. Analysis of cephalometric and axiographic recordings included both linear and angular measurements. Analysis of the condylar movement pathway revealed greater within-subject reproducibility in the control group for both the right and left condyles (p < 0.0005 and p < 0.0003, respectively). The axis point of condylar rotation in centric relation, as shown by cephalometric analysis, had significantly more within-subject variability in the horizontal plane for the control group (p < 0.003). There was no significant difference between groups for within-subject variability of condylar position in the vertical direction. These findings are consistent with the contemporary concept of centric relation that a vertically stable condyle with a disk interposed against the anterior eminence is capable of functional adaptation in the horizontal plane. The results have implications with regard to treatment and rehabilitation of patients with temporomandibular joint internal derangement.

published proceedings

  • J Prosthet Dent

author list (cited authors)

  • Harper, R. P., & Schneiderman, E.

citation count

  • 19

complete list of authors

  • Harper, RP||Schneiderman, E

publication date

  • January 1996