Analysis of longitudinal data in craniofacial research: some strategies. Academic Article uri icon


  • Although it is generally acknowledged that longitudinal data provide the most information on growth and development and other time-dependent phenomena, such data are often analyzed by conventional (cross-sectional) statistical methods. This widespread practice ignores the distinctive characteristics (e.g., covariance structure) of longitudinal data and may yield misleading results. The purpose of this article is to present some strategies and make available computer programs for the appropriate analysis of longitudinal data. User-friendly PC programs for the estimation of average growth curves, computation of tracking indices, prediction of future values, diagnosis, classification, clustering, estimation of missing values, and testing hypotheses concerning individual and group differences are presented. Benefits of these methods over the usual techniques are illustrated with the example of maxillary growth in the rhesus monkey.

published proceedings

  • Crit Rev Oral Biol Med

author list (cited authors)

  • Schneiderman, E. D., & Kowalski, C. J.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Schneiderman, ED||Kowalski, CJ

publication date

  • September 1994