A retrospective clinical and radiographic study on healing of periradicular lesions in patients taking oral bisphosphonates. Academic Article uri icon


  • INTRODUCTION: Bisphosphonates have been related to impaired bone remodeling. The impact of oral bisphosphonates on periradicular healing has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the healing of periradicular lesions in patients taking oral bisphosphonates after root canal therapy. METHODS: Thirty-four teeth with preoperative periradicular radiolucencies were identified in patients undergoing oral bisphosphonate therapy. These cases were examined clinically and radiographically to determine treatment outcome. Thirty-eight control teeth were selected from a pool of patients not taking bisphosphonates. Nonsurgical root canal treatment and retreatment was performed by endodontic residents and undergraduate dental students at Baylor College of Dentistry using nonstandardized protocols. RESULTS: In the bisphosphonate group, 73.5% of the lesions healed, whereas the control cases had a healing rate of 81.6%. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The results of this preliminary short-term study suggest that patients taking long-term oral bisphosphonates can expect a satisfactory outcome with evidence of periradicular healing after conventional root canal treatment. Thus, root canal treatment may be considered a safe and realistic alternative to extraction in patients on bisphosphonate therapy.

published proceedings

  • J Endod

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Hsiao, A., Glickman, G., & He, J.

citation count

  • 30

complete list of authors

  • Hsiao, Angela||Glickman, Gerald||He, Jianing

publication date

  • January 2009