Study of gas cavity size hysteresis in a packed bed using DEM Academic Article uri icon


  • When a high velocity gas jet is introduced into a packed bed a cavity is formed. The size of the cavity shows hysteresis on increasing and decreasing gas flow rates. This hysteresis leads to different cavity sizes at same gas flow rate depending on the bed history. The size of cavity affects the gas flow profiles in the packed bed. In this study the cavity size hysteresis phenomenon has been modeled using discrete element method along with turbulent gas flow. A reasonable agreement has been found between computed and experimental results on cavity size hysteresis. The effect of various parameters, such as nozzle height from the bed bottom and packing height, on the cavity size hysteresis has been studied. It is found that inter-particle interaction forces along with gas drag and bed porosity play an important role in describing the cavity size hysteresis. The injection of gas flow allows the particles to go to an unconstrained state than they were previously in, and their ability to remain in that state, even under decreased gas drag force, leads to the phenomenon of cavity size hysteresis. 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

published proceedings

  • Chemical Engineering Science

author list (cited authors)

  • Singh, V., Gupta, G. S., & Sarkar, S.

citation count

  • 14

complete list of authors

  • Singh, V||Gupta, GS||Sarkar, S

publication date

  • November 2007