Effect of pyruvate, octanoate and glucose on leucine degradation in skeletal muscle from fed and fasted chicks Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • 1. Pyruvate at 5 mM decreased the rate of leucine oxidative decarboxylation and increased the rate of 2-oxoisocaproate production in extensor digitorum communis (EDC) muscles from both fed and 24-hr fasted chicks. Pyruvate at 5 mM increased the net rate of leucine transamination in EDC muscle from fed chicks and had no effect in EDC muscles from 24-hr fasted chicks. 2. Octanoate at 0.2 and 1 mM markedly increased the rates of net leucine transamination, leucine oxidative decarboxylation and oxidation of decarboxylated leucine carbons 2-6 in EDC muscles from fed chicks, but had no effect on these parameters of leucine degradation in muscles from 24-hr fasted chicks. 3. Glucose at 5 and 12 mM decreased the rates of leucine oxidative decarboxylation and oxidation of decarboxylated leucine carbons 2-6, and increased the net rate of 2-oxoisocaproate production as compared to control (no glucose) group in muscles from fed chicks. Glucose had no effect on these parameters of leucine degradation in muscles from 24-hr fasted chicks.

author list (cited authors)

  • Wu, G., & Thompson, J. R.

citation count

  • 7

publication date

  • January 1988