Effects of extracellular pH, CO2, and HCO3- on ketogenesis in perfused rat liver. Academic Article uri icon


  • Effects of extracellular pH, CO2, and HCO3- on ketone body production from octanoate were studied in perfused livers from fasted rats. pH was adjusted to 7.1-7.5 by varying perfusate [HCO3-] and [CO2], where brackets denote concentration. At constant 25 mM [HCO3-], total production of beta-hydroxybutyrate (beta-OHB) + acetoacetate (AcAc) was constant from pH 7.1 to 7.5. However, the [beta-OHB]/[AcAc] ratio decreased from 1.60 to 1.00 when pH decreased from 7.3 to 7.1; there was no change at pH 7.4. At constant [CO2], decreasing pH from 7.4 to 7.1 did not alter either total ketogenesis or the [beta-OHB]/[AcAc] ratio. This suggests that high [CO2] rather than low pH was responsible for the alteration in the redox ratio. At constant pH of 7.4, variations in [HCO3-] between 15 and 25 mM did not influence total ketogenesis or the [beta-OHB]/[AcAc] ratio. However, increasing [HCO3-] from 25 to 35 mM decreased the [beta-OHB]/[AcAc] ratio from 1.76 to approximately 1, again without affecting total ketogenesis. At constant 1.75 mM [CO2], increasing [HCO3-] from 25 to 35 mM also reduced the [beta-OHB]/[AcAc] ratio from 1.63 to approximately 1, suggesting that the effect of high [HCO3-] on this redox ratio can be ascribed to HCO3- itself. It is concluded that high [CO2] or [HCO3-] decreases the mitochondrial [NADH]/[NAD+] ratio in hepatocytes, resulting in a decreased [beta-OHB]/[AcAc] ratio.

published proceedings

  • Am J Physiol

author list (cited authors)

  • Wu, G. Y., Gunasekara, A., Brunengraber, H., & Marliss, E. B.

citation count

  • 21

complete list of authors

  • Wu, GY||Gunasekara, A||Brunengraber, H||Marliss, EB

publication date

  • August 1991