Biogeography and ecological setting of Indian Ocean hydrothermal vents. Academic Article uri icon


  • Within the endemic invertebrate faunas of hydrothermal vents, five biogeographic provinces are recognized. Invertebrates at two Indian Ocean vent fields (Kairei and Edmond) belong to a sixth province, despite ecological settings and invertebrate-bacterial symbioses similar to those of both western Pacific and Atlantic vents. Most organisms found at these Indian Ocean vent fields have evolutionary affinities with western Pacific vent faunas, but a shrimp that ecologically dominates Indian Ocean vents closely resembles its Mid-Atlantic counterpart. These findings contribute to a global assessment of the biogeography of chemosynthetic faunas and indicate that the Indian Ocean vent community follows asymmetric assembly rules biased toward Pacific evolutionary alliances.

published proceedings

  • Science

altmetric score

  • 6.75

author list (cited authors)

  • Van Dover, C. L., Humphris, S. E., Fornari, D., Cavanaugh, C. M., Collier, R., Goffredi, S. K., ... Vrijenhoek, R. C.

citation count

  • 249

complete list of authors

  • Van Dover, CL||Humphris, SE||Fornari, D||Cavanaugh, CM||Collier, R||Goffredi, SK||Hashimoto, J||Lilley, MD||Reysenbach, AL||Shank, TM||Von Damm, KL||Banta, A||Gallant, RM||Gotz, D||Green, D||Hall, J||Harmer, TL||Hurtado, LA||Johnson, P||McKiness, ZP||Meredith, C||Olson, E||Pan, IL||Turnipseed, M||Won, Y||Young, CR||Vrijenhoek, RC

publication date

  • October 2001